Nitrofurantoin is specifically indicated for the treatment & prophylaxis of urinary tract infections when due to susceptible strains of Escherichia coli, Enterococci, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus and certain susceptible strains of Klebsiella and Enterobacter species.
Adults and Children over 12 years: One 100 mg capsule every 12 hours for seven days.
Genito-urinary surgical prophylaxis: One capsule twice daily on day of procedure and for next 3 days.
Side effects: The most frequent clinical adverse events are nausea, headache, and flatulence. Other less occurred adverse events are diarrhea, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, constipation, emesis, dizziness, drowsiness