Indications: Efavirenz in combination with other antiretroviral agents is indicated for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. This indication is based on analyses of plasma HIV- RNA levels and CD4 cell counts in controlled studies of up to 24 weeks in duration. At present, there are no results from controlled trials evaluating long term suppression of HIVRNA with Efavirenz.
Side effects: Rashes, psychiatric or CNS disturbances, amnesia, agitation, confusion, dizziness, vertigo, headache, euphoria, insomnia or somnolence, impaired concentration, abnormal thinking or dreaming, depersonalisation, convulsions, hallucinations, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, pancreatitis, fatigue, hepatic failure, photoallergic dermatitis; autoimmune disorders (e.g. Graves’ disease, polymyositis, Guillain-Barre syndrome), osteonecrosis. Accumulation or redistribution of body fat (lipodystrophy) including central obesity, peripheral and facial wasting, buffalo hump, breast enlargement, cushingoid appearance. Metabolic abnormalities e.g. hypercholesterolaemia, hyperglycaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia, hyperlactataemia, insulin resistance.