Lercanidipine is indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension.
Dosage: Use in elderly: The recommended dosage is 10 mg orally once a day at least 15 minutes before meals; the dose may be increased to 20 mg depending on the individual patient's response. It may take about 2 weeks before the maximal anti-hypertensive effect is apparent. Some individuals, not adequately controlled on a single antihypertensive agent, may benefit from the addition of Lercanidipine to therapy with a beta-adrenoceptor blocking drug (atenolol), a diuretic (hydrochlorothiazide) or an ACE inhibitor (ramipril).
Use in children: Since there is no clinical data in patients under the age of 18 years, use in children is not currently recommended.
Use in renal or hepatic dysfunction: Special care should be exercised in patients with mild to moderate renal or hepatic dysfunction. Dosage above 20 mg daily must be approached with caution. Lercanidipine is not recommended for use in patients with severe hepatic or renal dysfunction.
Side effects: Treatment with Lercanidipine is generally well tolerated. The most common side effects are related to the vasodilatory properties of Lercanidipine such as flushing, peripheral edema, headache, dizziness and asthenia. Other side effects, which occurred in less than 1% of patients include fatigue; GI disturbances such as dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain and diarrhea, polyurea, rash, somnolence and myalgia.