Levodopa and carbidopa is indicated in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, post-encephalitic Parkinsonism, and symptomatic Parkinsonism that may follow carbon monoxide intoxication or manganese intoxication.
Dosage: Usual Initial Dosage: The optimum daily dosage must be determined by careful titration in each patient. If Levodopa 100 mg and Carbidopa 10 mg is used, dosage may be initiated with one tablet three or four times a day. Dosage may be increased by one tablet every day or every other day until a total of eight tablets (2 tablets q.i.d.) is reached.
Maintenance dose: Therapy should be individualized & adjusted according to the desired therapeutic response. When more levodopa is required, Levodopa 250 mg and Carbidopa 25 mg should be substituted for Levodopa 100 mg and Carbidopa 10 mg. If necessary, the dosage of Levodopa 250 mg and Carbidopa 25 mg may be increased by one-half or one tablet every day or every other day to a maximum of eight tablets a day. Experience with total daily dosages of carbidopa greater than 200 mg is limited.
Side effects: The most common adverse reactions reported with Levodopa and Carbidopa have included dyskinesias, such as choreiform, dystonic, and other involuntary movements, and nausea.